Sattar Khan, who was heading the rebels from Amirkhiz district of Tabriz, capital of East Azarbaijan province, in 1907, had become favorite general of all his fighters because of his heroism and courage. After shelling Majles (National Assembly), 40 thousand armed forces of Mohammad Ali Shah of Qajar attacked Tabriz, the cradle of Constitutional Revolution. In June 1908 under the leadership of Sattar khan High Military Council was established.
Sattar Khan was appointed the Commander in chief of High Council, Bagher Khan as his deputy, Ali Musyo, Haji Ali and Seyed Hashem Khan as members.
By April 1909, Tabriz rebels lost huge number of their fighters in driving out the loyalist armed forces of Tabriz. Taking into account Sattar Khan and Bagher Khan’s heroism during the battle, Sattar Khan was honored by the title of “Sardar-e Melli” (National General) and Bagir khan “Salar-e Melli” (National Leader) by the order of the Assembly.
Military council was assigned the task of defending Tabriz. This victory of rebels in Tabriz had greatly influenced other provinces of Iran. Special committees with the name of “Sattar Khan” were established in Tehran, Rasht, Qazvin, Esfahan and other cities.
Most cities of Azarbaijan were cleared from forces of government by October 1908. Being afraid of the strengthening revolutionary movement in the country, Mohammad Ali Shah of Qajar authorized reopening of the Majles (National Assembly) in Tehran.
Second Majles held in December 1908. It ordered a plaque of honor with images of Sattar Khan and Bagher Khan carved on it in gold as a token of appreciation for their services and the plaque was hung on the tribune in the next session of the Assembly.
The strengthening of revolutionary power in the wake of Tabriz victory did frighten the loyal forces of Mohammad Ali Shah of Qajar and their allies, especially Russia and Great Britain. To discredit Sattar Khan and his supporters, they tried to separate Sattar Khan and Bagher Khan from their followers and supporters and to take them out of Tabriz. A telegram (dated 16.3.1910) sent by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Great Britain to its Ambassador in Iran, Mr. George Birly, reads that Sattar Khan and Bagher khan had to be sent away from Tabriz immediately. Majles did ask Sattar khan and Bagher khan to leave for Tehran. In March 1910 the two leaders with 300 of their followers and fighters headed for Tehran. Sattar khan and Bagher khan reached Tehran on 3 April 1910. Sattar Khan was received by Tehran citizens as a savoir.
Sattar Khan, together with his followers was accommodated in Atabey Park. In August 1910 Sattar Khan refused to obey the government order to disarm. Shah’s troops and police forces led by Yeprem Khan (Davidyans), head of Tehran police with a brief but violent confrontation at night, on 7 August 1910, surrounded and disarmed the Sattar Khan’s forces. At that night, Sattar Khan was injured in his leg. Sattar Khan stayed in Tehran until his death at the age 48, on November 9, 1914. He was buried in Shah Abdul Azim cemetery in Shahr-e Ray near Tehran. Many poems and verses have been written about Sattar Khan’s heroism, and his devotion to the Constitutional Revolution and his Iranian people.
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